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Psychology|IT is representative of the Rutgers Newark Department of Psychology Office of Information Technology. Psychology|IT works closely with faculty, staff, students, and senior administrators, in developing policies, standards, processes, and procedures for all departmental assets as well as facilitating the use of computer technology in an academic environment.
Information technology (IT)is a broad subject concerned with technology and other aspects of managing and processing information, especially in large organizations.
In particular, IT deals with the use of electronic computers and computer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and retrieve information. For that reason, computer professionals are often called IT specialists or Business Process Consultants, and the division of a company or university that deals with software technology is often called the IT department. Other names for the latter are information services (IS) or management information services (MIS), managed service providers (MSP).
The term system administrator, abbreviated sysadmin, designates an employment position of those people responsible for running technically advanced information systems or some aspect of them. They often deal with the setup and maintenance of computers and networks. System Administators also work on more than just computers, such as the interaction between humans and technology, and the enhancement of business processes through technology. The precise meaning varies. Organizations with very large or complex computer systems typically divide up computer staff according to specialization, in which case a system administrator is someone responsible for the maintenance of an existing computer system.
Network and computer systems administrators design, install, and support an organization's computer systems. They are responsible for local-area networks (LAN), wide-area networks (WAN), network segments, and Internet and intranet systems. They work in a variety of environments, including professional offices, small businesses, government organizations, and large corporations. They maintain network hardware and software, analyze problems, and monitor networks to ensure their availability to system users. These workers gather data to identify customer needs and then use the information to identify, interpret, and evaluate system and network requirements. Administrators also may plan, coordinate, and implement network security measures.
Systems administrators are responsible for maintaining network efficiency. They ensure that the design of an organization's computer system allows all of the components, including computers, the network, and software, to work properly together. Furthermore, they monitor and adjust the performance of existing networks and continually survey the current computer site to determine future network needs. Administrators also troubleshoot problems reported by users and by automated network monitoring systems and make recommendations for future system upgrades.